Family

Adenylate cyclase-like (IPR009398)

Short name: Adenylate_cyclase-like

Family relationships

None.

Description

Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is a ubiquitous signalling molecule which mediates many cellular processes by activating cAMP-dependent kinases and also inducing protein-protein interactions. This molecule is produced by the adenylate cyclase (AC) enzyme, using ATP as its substrate. Mammalian adenylate cyclase has nine closely related membrane-bound isoforms (AC1-9) showing significant sequence homology and sharing the same overall structure: two hydrophobic transmembrane domains, and two cytoplasmic domains that are responsible for the catalytic activity. These isoforms differ in both their tissue specificity and their regulation. Regulatory factors known to influence one or more of these isoforms include G proteins, protein kinases, calcium and calmodulin. For more information see [PMID: 11264454, PMID: 12940771].

This entry represents a region of unknown function found in many of these isoforms. It is part of the N-terminal cytoplasmic domain but its presence is not necessary for catalytic activity [PMID: 9417641].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0009190 cyclic nucleotide biosynthetic process

Molecular Function

GO:0004016 adenylate cyclase activity

Cellular Component

GO:0016021 integral component of membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam