Family

Gamma-secretase subunit Aph-1 (IPR009294)

Short name: Aph-1

Family relationships

None.

Description

This family consists of several eukaryotic Aph-1 proteins. Aph-1 is an essential subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyses the intramembrane proteolysis of Notch, beta-amyloid precursor protein, and other substrates as part of a new signalling paradigm and as a key step in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease [PMID: 12110170]. It is thought that the presenilin heterodimer comprises the catalytic site and that a highly glycosylated form of nicastrin associates with it. Aph-1 and Pen-2, two membrane proteins genetically linked to gamma-secretase, associate directly with presenilin and nicastrin in the active protease complex. Co-expression of all four proteins leads to marked increases in presenilin heterodimers, full glycosylation of nicastrin, and enhanced gamma-secretase activity [PMID: 12740439].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0043085 positive regulation of catalytic activity
GO:0016485 protein processing

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0016021 integral component of membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
PANTHER