Domain

Smac/DIABLO-like (IPR009062)

Short name: Smac_DIABLO-like

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Smac (Second Mitochondria-derived Activator of Caspase) and DIABLO (Direct IAP-Binding protein with Low PI) are 29 kDa mitochondrial precursor proteins. Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is an essential process in metazoan development and homeostasis. Apoptosis is carried out by caspases, which are under tight regulatory control. Inhibitor-of-apoptosis proteins (IAP) suppress apoptosis by inhibiting caspases, while the mitochondrial protein Smac/Diablo promotes apoptosis by suppressing IAPs. The N-terminal four sequences in Smac/Diablo are responsible for the protein's interaction with IAPs [PMID: 11140638]. The crystal structure of Smac/Diablo reveals a closed, three-helical bundle structure with a left-handed twist, and that the protein homodimerises through an extensive hydrophobic interface [PMID: 10972280].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006919 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process
GO:0006915 apoptotic process

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0005739 mitochondrion

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SUPERFAMILY