Elongation factor G, domain III (IPR009022)

Short name: EFG_III

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Domain relationships



EF2 (or EFG) participates in the elongation phase of protein synthesis by promoting the GTP-dependent translocation of the peptidyl tRNA of the nascent protein chain from the A-site (acceptor site) to the P-site (peptidyl tRNA site) of the ribosome. EF2 also has a role after the termination phase of translation, where, together with the ribosomal recycling factor, it facilitates the release of tRNA and mRNA from the ribosome, and the splitting of the ribosome into two subunits [PMID: 12471894]. EF2 is folded into five domains, with domains I and II forming the N-terminal block, domains IV and V forming the C-terminal block, and domain III providing the covalently-linked flexible connection between the two. Domains III and V have the same fold (although they are not completely superimposable and domain III lacks some of the superfamily characteristics), consisting of an alpha/beta sandwich with an antiparallel beta-sheet in a (beta/alpha/beta)x2 topology [PMID: 11054294]. This double split beta/alpha/beta fold is also seen in a number of ribonucleotide binding proteins. It is the most common motif occurring in the translation system and is referred to as the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) or RNA recognition (RRM) motif.

This entry represents domain III of EF2 proteins.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.