Domain

p53-like transcription factor, DNA-binding (IPR008967)

Short name: p53-like_TF_DNA-bd

Domain relationships

Description

This domain is found in a number of transcription factors, including p53, NFATC, TonEBP, STAT-1, and NFkappaB, where it is responsible for DNA-binding. These transcription factors play diverse roles in the regulation of cellular functions: the p53 tumour suppressor upregulates the expression of genes involved in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis [PMID: 12826037]; NFATC regulates the production of effector proteins involved in coordinating the immune response [PMID: 8990122]; TonEBP regulates gene expression induced by osmotic stress and helps regulate intracellular volume during cell growth [PMID: 12729611]; STAT-1 plays an important role in B lymphocyte growth and function [PMID: 12855573]; and NFkappaB is involved in the inflammatory response [PMID: 12421671]. The DNA-binding domain acts to clamp, or in the case of TonEBP, encircle the DNA target in order to stabilise the protein-DNA complex [PMID: 11780147]. Protein interactions may also serve to stabilise the protein-DNA complex, for example in the STAT-1 dimer the SH2 (Src homology 2) domain in each monomer is coupled to the DNA-binding domain to increase stability [PMID: 9630226]. The DNA-binding domain consists of a beta-sandwich formed of 9 strands in 2 sheets with a Greek-key topology. This structure is found in many transcription factors, often within the DNA-binding domain.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Molecular Function

GO:0003700 sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SUPERFAMILY