SepSecS/SepCysS family (IPR008829)

Short name: SepSecS/SepCysS

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships


Early annotation suggested this family, SepSecS, of several eukaryotic and archaeal proteins, was involved in antigen-antibodies responses in the liver and pancreas [PMID: 10801173, PMID: 11481605]. Structural studies show that the family is O-phosphoseryl-tRNA(Sec) selenium transferase, an enzyme involved in the synthesis of the amino acid selenocysteine (Sec). Sec is the only amino acid whose biosynthesis occurs on its cognate transfer RNA (tRNA). SepSecS catalyses the final step in the formation of the amino acid [PMID: 17194211, PMID: 18093968, PMID: 18158303, PMID: 19608919]. The early observation that autoantibodies isolated from patients with type I autoimmune hepatitis targeted a ribonucleoprotein complex containing tRNASec led to the identification and characterisation of the archaeal and the human SepSecS [PMID: 11481605]. SepSecS forms its own branch in the family of fold-type I pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) enzymes that goes back to the last universal common ancestor.

This entry also includes O-phosphoseryl-tRNA:Cys-tRNA synthase SepCysS. It is found in Methanogenic archaea, which have an alternative pathway for Cys-tRNACys formation [PMID: 17512006, PMID: 18559341].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0016740 transferase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.