Domain

Peptidase C53, pestivirus Npro (IPR008751)

Short name: Peptidase_C53

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Cysteine peptidases have characteristic molecular topologies, which can be seen not only in their three-dimensional structures, but commonly also in the two-dimensional structures. These are peptidases in which the nucleophile is the sulphydryl group of a cysteine residue. Cysteine proteases are divided into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, on the basis of the architecture of their catalytic dyad or triad [PMID: 11517925].

This group of cysteine peptidases belong to MEROPS peptidase family C53 (clan C-). The active site residues occur in the order E, H, C in the sequence which is unlike that in any other family. They are unique to pestiviruses. The N-terminal cysteine peptidase (Npro) encoded by the bovine viral diarrhoea virus genome is responsible for the self-cleavage that releases the N terminus of the core protein. This unique protease is dispensable for viral replication, and its coding region can be replaced by a ubiquitin gene directly fused in frame to the core [PMID: 11711606, PMID: 10864644, PMID: 9499122, PMID: 8972567].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0016032 viral process
GO:0019082 viral protein processing

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
ProDom