Family

ESCRT-II complex, vps25 subunit (IPR008570)

Short name: ESCRT-II_cplx_vps25-sub

Family relationships

None.

Description

This entry represents the vps25 subunit (vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 25) of the endosome-associated complex ESCRT-II (Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport protein II). ESCRT (ESCRT-I, -II, -III) complexes orchestrate efficient sorting of ubiquitinated transmembrane receptors to lysosomes via multivesicular bodies (MVBs) [PMID: 17215868]. ESCRT-II recruits the transport machinery for protein sorting at MVB [PMID: 15469844]. In addition, the human ESCRT-II has been shown to form a complex with RNA polymerase II elongation factor ELL in order to exert transcriptional control activity. ESCRT-II transiently associates with the endosomal membrane and thereby initiates the formation of ESCRT-III, a membrane-associated protein complex that functions immediately downstream of ESCRT-II during sorting of MVB cargo. ESCRT-II in turn functions downstream of ESCRT-I, a protein complex that binds to ubiquitinated endosomal cargo [PMID: 12194858].

ESCRT-II is a trilobal complex composed of two copies of vps25, one copy of vps22 and the C-terminal region of vps36. The crystal structure of vps25 revealed two winged-helix domains, the N-terminal domain of vps25 interacting with vps22 and vps35 [PMID: 15579210].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
PANTHER