Family

Inorganic pyrophosphatase (IPR008162)

Short name: Pyrophosphatase

Family relationships

None.

Description

Inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC:3.6.1.1) (PPase) [PMID: 2160278, PMID: 1323891] is the enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate (PPi) which is formed principally as the product of the many biosynthetic reactions that utilise ATP. All known PPases require the presence of divalent metal cations, with magnesium conferring the highest activity. Among other residues, a lysine has been postulated to be part of or close to the active site. PPases have been sequenced from bacteria such as Escherichia coli (homohexamer), Bacillus PS3 (Thermophilic bacterium PS-3) and Thermus thermophilus, from the archaebacteria Thermoplasma acidophilum, from fungi (homodimer), from a plant, and from bovine retina. In yeast, a mitochondrial isoform of PPase has been characterised which seems to be involved in energy production and whose activity is stimulated by uncouplers of ATP synthesis.

The sequences of PPases share some regions of similarities, among which is a region that contains three conserved aspartates that are involved in the binding of cations.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006796 phosphate-containing compound metabolic process

Molecular Function

GO:0004427 inorganic diphosphatase activity
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding

Cellular Component

GO:0005737 cytoplasm

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns
PANTHER
Pfam
HAMAP
SUPERFAMILY
GENE3D