Family

DNA photolyase, class 2 (IPR008148)

Short name: DNA_photolyase_2

Family relationships

None.

Description

Deoxyribodipyrimidine photolyase (DNA photolyase) [PMID: 2282137] is a DNA repair enzyme. It binds to UV-damaged DNA containing pyrimidine dimers and, upon absorbing a near-UV photon (300 to 500 nm), breaks the cyclobutane ring joining the two pyrimidines of the dimer. DNA photolyase is an enzyme that requires two choromophore-cofactors for its activity: a reduced FADH2 and either 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate (5,10-MTFH) or an oxidized 8-hydroxy-5- deazaflavin (8-HDF) derivative (F420). The folate or deazaflavin chromophore appears to function as an antenna, while the FADH2 chromophore is thought to be responsible for electron transfer. On the basis of sequence similarities [PMID: 7813451] DNA photolyases can be grouped into two classes.

The second class contains enzymes from Myxococcus xanthus, methanogenic archaebacteria, insects, fish and marsupial mammals. It is not yet known what second cofactor is bound to class 2 enzymes. There are a number of conserved sequence regions in all known class 2 DNA photolyases, especially in the C-terminal part.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006281 DNA repair

Molecular Function

GO:0003904 deoxyribodipyrimidine photo-lyase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
TIGRFAMs
PROSITE patterns
PANTHER
PROSITE patterns