Domain

Spore coat protein U (IPR007893)

Short name: Spore_coat_U

Domain relationships

None.

Description

This domain is found in protein U, a spore coat protein produced at the late stage of development of Myxococcus xanthus. Protein U is produced as a secretory precursor, pro-protein U, which is then secreted across the membrane to assemble on the spore surface [PMID: 1904442]. This domain is also found in a number of the genes within a conserved polycistronic operon that encodes a novel chaperone-usher pili assembly system. Examples are CsuA/B of Acinetobacter baumannii, and the CsuA, CsuB and CsuE of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and the related genes of Yersinia pestis.

In A. baumannii, csuC and csuE are required in the early steps of the process that that leads to biofilm formation. The conservation of the genes and gene order among unrelated bacteria, suggests that the csu operon is widespread and is involved in surface pilus formation which allows the bacteria to form biofilms on abiotic surfaces, a property that may aid there survival in their natural environment [PMID: 14663080].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
SMART