Family

Peptidase A22B, signal peptide peptidase (IPR007369)

Short name: Peptidase_A22B_SPP

Family relationships

Description

This group of sequences contain aspartic endopeptidases belong to MEROPS peptidase family A22 (presenilin family, clan AD): subfamily A22B.

The peptidases were originally classified by hierarchical homology to the most conserved member - IMPAS 1. They are also known as signal peptide peptidase (SPP) [PMID: 14741365]. They belong to the I-CliP family of peptidases. SPP cleaves cleaves remnant signal peptides left behind in the membrane by the action of signal peptidase and also plays key roles in immune surveillance and the maturation of certain viral proteins [PMID: 12966028]. SPPs do not require cofactors as demonstrated by expression in bacteria and purification of a proteolytically active form. The C-terminal region defines the functional domain, which is in itself sufficient for proteolytic activity [PMID: 17517891].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0004190 aspartic-type endopeptidase activity

Cellular Component

GO:0016021 integral component of membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER
Pfam