Family

GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 1 (IPR007070)

Short name: GPI_EtnP_transferase_1

Family relationships

None.

Description

This entry represents GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 1 enzymes, including the yeast enzyme MCD4 and the mammalian homolgoue PIG-N (also known as phosphatidylinositolglycan class N) [PMID: 10574991, PMID: 10069808]. These enzymes are multi-pass endoplasmic reticulum membrane proteins involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. These enzymes transfer ethanolamine phosphate to the first alpha-1,4-linked mannose of the GPI precursor of the GPI-anchor. Ethanolamine phosphate on the alpha-1,4-linked mannose is essential for further mannosylation by GPI10 and is necessary for an efficient recognition of GPI lipids and GPI proteins by the GPI transamidase, for the efficient transport of GPI anchored proteins from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi and for the physiological incorporation of ceramides into GPI anchors by lipid remodeling. MCD4 is also involved in non-mitochondrial ATP movements across the membrane and participates in Golgi and endoplasmic reticulum function, and is required for the incorporation of BGL2 into the cell wall.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006506 GPI anchor biosynthetic process

Molecular Function

GO:0016740 transferase activity

Cellular Component

GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER