Family

Calcipressin (IPR006931)

Short name: Calcipressin

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

None.

Family relationships

Description

Calcipressins (RCANs) are a novel family of calcineurin regulators that have been suggested as key factors contributing to Down syndrome in humans. Three human calcipressins have been identified, calcipressin 1-3. Calcipressin 1 is also known as modulatory calcineurin-interacting protein 1 (MCIP1), Adapt78 and Down syndrome critical region 1 (DSCR1). Calcipressin 2 is variously known as MCIP2, ZAKI-4 and DSCR1-like 1. Calcipressin 3 is also called MCIP3 and DSCR1-like 2 [PMID: 12942079]. Calcipressins contain an N-terminal RNA recognition motif (RRM), a highly conserved SP repeat domain containing the phosphorylation site by GSK-3, a well-known PxIxIT motif responsible for docking many substrates to calcineurin, and a C-terminal TxxP motif [PMID: 19273587].

Calcineurin is a calcium-responsive enzyme that dephosphorylates the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT). In doing so, it promotes its nuclear translocation and uniquely links calcium signalling to transcriptional regulation [PMID: 12942079].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0019722 calcium-mediated signaling

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
PANTHER