Family

Glycosyl transferase family 54 (IPR006759)

Short name: Glyco_transf_54

Family relationships

None.

Description

The complex-type of oligosaccharides are synthesised through elongation by glycosyltransferases after trimming of the precursor oligosaccharides transferred to proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases (GnTs) take part in the formation of branches in the biosynthesis of complex-type sugar chains.

In vertebrates, six GnTs, designated as GnT-I to -VI, which catalyse the transfer of GlcNAc to the core mannose residues of Asn-linked sugar chains, have been identified. GnT-IV (EC:2.4.1.145) catalyzes the transfer of GlcNAc from UDP-GlcNAc to the GlcNAc1-2Man1-3 arm of core oligosaccharide [Gn2(22)core oligosaccharide] and forms a GlcNAc1-4(GlcNAc1-2)Man1-3 structure on the core oligosaccharide (Gn3(2,4,2)core oligosaccharide). In some members the conserved region occupies all but the very N-terminal, where there is a signal sequence on all members. For other members the conserved region does not occupy the entire protein but is still to the N-terminal end of the protein [PMID: 9278430].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process

Molecular Function

GO:0016758 transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups

Cellular Component

GO:0016020 membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER
Pfam