Holin (IPR006479)

Short name: Holin

Family relationships



Holins are a diverse family of proteins that cause bacterial membrane lysis during late-protein synthesis. It is thought that the temporal precision of holin-mediated lysis may occur through the buildup of a holin oligomer which causes the lysis [PMID: 11459934].

This entry represents holin proteins from the dsDNA Siphidoviridae group bacteriophages with two transmembrane segments. Most bacteriophages require an endolysin and a holin for host lysis. During late gene expression, holins accumulate and oligomerise in the host cell membrane. They then suddenly trigger to permeablise the membrane, which causes lysis by allowing endolysin to attach the peptidoglycan. There are thought to be at least 35 different families of holin genes [PMID: 17012400].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.