Family

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, type I (IPR006424)

Short name: Glyceraldehyde-3-P_DH_1

Family relationships

Description

This group of sequences represent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), the enzyme responsible for the interconversion of 1,3-diphosphoglycerate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, a central step in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. Forms exist which utilise NAD (EC:1.2.1.12), NADP (EC:1.2.1.13) or either (EC:1.2.1.59). In some species, NAD- and NADP- utilising forms exist, generally being responsible for reactions in the anabolic and catabolic directions respectively [PMID: 10799476]. An additional form of gap gene is found in gamma proteobacteria and is responsible for the conversion of erythrose-4-phosphate (E4P) to 4-phospho-erythronate in the biosynthesis of pyridoxine [PMID: 7751290]. This pathway of pyridoxine biosynthesis appears to be limited, however, to a relatively small number of bacterial species although it is prevalent among the gamma-proteobacteria [PMID: 11200221]. This enzyme is described by IPR006422. These two groups of sequences exhibit a close evolutionary relationship. There exists the possibility that some forms of GAPDH may be bifunctional and act on E4P in species which make pyridoxine and via hydroxythreonine and lack a separate E4PDH enzyme (for instance, the GAPDH from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been shown to possess a limited E4PD activity as well as a robust GAPDH activity [PMID: 9182530]).

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006006 glucose metabolic process
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0051287 NAD binding
GO:0050661 NADP binding
GO:0016620 oxidoreductase activity, acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
TIGRFAMs