DNA-directed DNA polymerase, family B (IPR006172)

Short name: DNA-dir_DNA_pol_B

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Family relationships


DNA is the biological information that instructs cells how to exist in an ordered fashion: accurate replication is thus one of the most important events in the life cycle of a cell. This function is performed by DNA- directed DNA-polymerases (EC: by adding nucleotide triphosphate (dNTP) residues to the 5'-end of the growing chain of DNA, using a complementary DNA chain as a template. Small RNA molecules are generally used as primers for chain elongation, although terminal proteins may also be used for the de novo synthesis of a DNA chain. Even though there are 2 different methods of priming, these are mediated by 2 very similar polymerases classes, A and B, with similar methods of chain elongation.

A number of DNA polymerases have been grouped under the designation of DNA polymerase family B. Six regions of similarity (numbered from I to VI) are found in all or a subset of the B family polymerases. The most conserved region (I) includes a conserved tetrapeptide with two aspartate residues. Its function is not yet known. However, it has been suggested [PMID: 2461550] that it may be involved in binding a magnesium ion. All sequences in the B family contain a characteristic DTDS motif, and possess many functional domains, including a 5'-3' elongation domain, a 3'-5' exonuclease domain [PMID: 8679562], a DNA binding domain, and binding domains for both dNTP's and pyrophosphate [PMID: 9757117].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0003887 DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity
GO:0003676 nucleic acid binding
GO:0000166 nucleotide binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.