Family

Ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase (IPR005946)

Short name: Rib-P_diPkinase

Family relationships

None.

Description

Ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase (RPPK), also known as phosphoribosyldiphosphate synthetase (EC:2.7.6.1), catalyses the transfer of an intact diphosphate (PP) group from ATP to ribose-5-phosphate (R-5-P), which results in the formation of AMP and 5-phospho-D-ribosyl--1-diphosphate (PRPP).

PRPP is an essential precursor for purine and pyrimidine nucleotides, both in the de novo synthesis and in the salvage pathway, as well as in the synthesis of pyridine nucleotide coenzymes. The activity of PPPK is highly regulated. Besides competitive inhibition at the substrate binding sites, most RPPKs are regulated in an allosteric manner, in which ADP generally acts as the most potent inhibitor. In some systems, close homologues lacking enzymatic activity exist and perform regulatory functions.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0009165 nucleotide biosynthetic process

Molecular Function

GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding
GO:0004749 ribose phosphate diphosphokinase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
HAMAP
TIGRFAMs
HAMAP