Family

Aminotransferase class-III (IPR005814)

Short name: Aminotrans_3

Family relationships

Description

Aminotransferases share certain mechanistic features with other pyridoxalphosphate-dependent enzymes, such as the covalent binding of the pyridoxalphosphate group to a lysine residue. On the basis of sequence similarity, these various enzymes can be grouped [PMID: 1618757] into subfamilies. One of these, called class-III, includes acetylornithine aminotransferase (EC:2.6.1.11), which catalyzes the transfer of an amino group from acetylornithine to alpha-ketoglutarate, yielding N-acetyl-glutamic-5-semi-aldehyde and glutamic acid; ornithine aminotransferase (EC:2.6.1.13), which catalyzes the transfer of an amino group from ornithine to alpha-ketoglutarate, yielding glutamic-5-semi-aldehyde and glutamic acid; omega-amino acid--pyruvate aminotransferase (EC:2.6.1.18), which catalyzes transamination between a variety of omega-amino acids, mono- and diamines, and pyruvate; 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase (EC:2.6.1.19) (GABA transaminase), which catalyzes the transfer of an amino group from GABA to alpha-ketoglutarate, yielding succinate semialdehyde and glutamic acid; DAPA aminotransferase (EC:2.6.1.62), a bacterial enzyme (bioA), which catalyzes an intermediate step in the biosynthesis of biotin, the transamination of 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid to form 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid; 2,2-dialkylglycine decarboxylase (EC:4.1.1.64), a Burkholderia cepacia (Pseudomonas cepacia) enzyme (dgdA) that catalyzes the decarboxylating amino transfer of 2,2-dialkylglycine and pyruvate to dialkyl ketone, alanine and carbon dioxide; glutamate-1-semialdehyde aminotransferase (EC:5.4.3.8) (GSA); Bacillus subtilis aminotransferases yhxA and yodT; Haemophilus influenzae aminotransferase HI0949; and Caenorhabditis elegans aminotransferase T01B11.2.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0030170 pyridoxal phosphate binding
GO:0008483 transaminase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
PANTHER
PIRSF
PROSITE patterns