Conserved Site

Fatty acid desaturase type 2, conserved site (IPR005803)

Short name: FADS-2_CS

Description

Fatty acid desaturases are enzymes that catalyse the insertion of a double bond at the delta position of fatty acids. There seem to be two distinct families of fatty acid desaturases which do not seem to be evolutionary related.

Family 1 is composed of:

Family 2 is composed of:

  • Bacterial fatty acid desaturases.
  • Plant stearoyl-acyl-carrier-protein desaturase (EC:1.14.19.1) [PMID: 2006187], this enzyme catalyzes the introduction of a double bond at the delta(9) position of steraoyl-ACP to produce oleoyl-ACP. This enzyme is responsible for the conversion of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids in the synthesis of vegetable oils.
  • Cyanobacterial DesA [PMID: 2118597], an enzyme that can introduce a second cis double bond at the delta(12) position of fatty acid bound to membranes glycerolipids. DesA is involved in chilling tolerance; the phase transition temperature of lipids of cellular membranes being dependent on the degree of unsaturation of fatty acids of the membrane lipids.

This conserved region is found at the C-terminal part of family 2 enzymes.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006633 fatty acid biosynthetic process
GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns