Domain

UPF3 domain (IPR005120)

Short name: UPF3_dom

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance mechanism by which eukaryotic cells detect and degrade transcripts containing premature termination codons. Three 'up-frameshift' proteins, UPF1, UPF2 and UPF3, are essential for this process in organisms ranging from yeast, human to plants [PMID: 11368911]. Exon junction complexes (EJCs) are deposited ~24 nucleotides upstream of exon-exon junctions after splicing. Translation causes displacement of the EJCs, however, premature translation termination upstream of one or more EJCs triggers the recruitment of UPF1, UPF2 and UPF3 and activates the NMD pathway [PMID: 12718880, PMID: 15048104].

This family contains UPF3. The crystal structure of the complex between human UPF2 and UPF3b, which are, respectively, a MIF4G (middle portion of eIF4G) domain and an RNP domain (ribonucleoprotein-type RNA-binding domain) has been determined to 1.95A. The protein-protein interface is mediated by highly conserved charged residues in UPF2 and UPF3b and involves the beta-sheet surface of the UPF3b ribonucleoprotein (RNP) domain, which is generally used by these domains to bind nucleic acids. In UPF3b the RNP domain does not bind RNA, whereas the UPF2 construct and the complex do. It is clear that some RNP domains have evolved for specific protein-protein interactions rather than as nucleic acid binding modules [PMID: 15004547].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam