Family

Bacterial lipid A biosynthesis acyltransferase (IPR004960)

Short name: LipA_acyltrans

Family relationships

Description

Bacterial lipopolysachharides (LPS) are glycolipids that make up the outer monolayer of the outer membranes of most Gram-negative bacteria. Though LPS moleculesare variable, they all show the same general features: an outer polysaccharide which is attached to the lipid component, termed lipid A [PMID: 9791168]. The polysaccharide component consists of a variable repeat-structure polysaccharide known as the O-antigen, and a highly conserved short core oligosaccharide which connects the O-antigen to lipid A. Lipid A is a glucosamine-based phospholipid that makes up the membrane anchor region of LPS [PMID: 12045108]. The structure of lipid A is relatively invariant between species, presumably reflecting its fundamental role in membrane integrity. Recognition of lipid A by the innate immune system can lead to a response even at picomolar levels. In some genera, such as Neisseria and Haemophilus, lipooligosaccharides (LOS) are the predominant glycolipids [PMID: 8894399]. These are analogous to LPS except that they lack O-antigens, with the LOS oligosaccharide structures limited to 10 saccharide units.

The bacterial lipid A biosynthesis protein, or lipid A biosynthesis (KDO)2-(lauroyl)-lipid IVA acyltransferase EC:2.3.1, transfers myristate or laurate, activated on ACP, to the lipid IVA moiety of (KDO)2-(lauroyl)-lipid IVA during lipopolysaccharide core biosynthesis [PMID: 2203778].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0016740 transferase activity

Cellular Component

GO:0016021 integral component of membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PIRSF
CDD
Pfam