Domain

GAT domain (IPR004152)

Short name: GAT_dom

Domain relationships

None.

Description

The GAT domain is a region of homology of ~130 residues, which is found in eukaryotic GGAs (for Golgi-localized, gamma ear-containing ADP ribosylation factor (ARF)-binding proteins) and vertebrate TOMs (for target of myb). The GAT domain is found in its entirety only in GGAs, although, at the C terminus it shares partial sequence similarity with a short region of TOMs. The GAT domain is found in association with other domains, such as VHS and GAE. The GAT domain of GGAs serves as a molecular anchor of GGA to trans-Golgi network (TGN) membranes via its interaction with the GTP-bound form of a member of the ARF family of small GTPases and can bind specifically to the Rab GTPase effector rabaptin5 and to ubiquitin [PMID: 11301005, PMID: 12636914, PMID: 12679809, PMID: 15457209].

The GGA-GAT domain possesses an all alpha-helical structure, composed of four helices arranged in a somewhat unusual topology, which has been called the helical paper clip. The overall structure shows that the GAT domain has an elongated shape, in which the longest helix participates in two small independent subdomains: an N-terminal helix-loop-helix hook and a C- terminal three-helix bundle. The hook subdomain has been shown to be both necessary and sufficient for ARF-GTP binding and Golgi targeting of GGAs. The N-terminal hook subdomain contains a hydrophobic patch, which is found to interact directly with ARF [PMID: 12636914]. It has been proposed that this interaction might stabilise the hook subdomain [PMID: 12679809]. The C-terminal three-helix bundle is involved in the binding with Rabaptin5 and ubiquitin [PMID: 15457209].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006886 intracellular protein transport

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0005622 intracellular

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
PROSITE profiles