Binding Site

Fumarate reductase/succinate dehydrogenase, FAD-binding site (IPR003952)

Short name: FRD_SDH_FAD_BS

Description

In bacteria two distinct, membrane-bound, enzyme complexes are responsible for the interconversion of fumarate and succinate (EC:1.3.99.1): fumarate reductase (Frd) is used in anaerobic growth, and succinate dehydrogenase (Sdh) is used in aerobic growth. Both complexes consist of two main components: a membrane-extrinsic component composed of a FAD-binding flavoprotein and an iron-sulphur protein; and an hydrophobic component composed of a membrane anchor protein and/or a cytochrome B.

In eukaryotes mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) (EC:1.3.5.1) is an enzyme composed of two subunits: a FAD flavoprotein and and iron-sulphur protein.

The flavoprotein subunit is a protein of about 60 to 70 Kd to which FAD is covalently bound to a histidine residue which is located in the N-terminal section of the protein [PMID: 2668268]. The sequence around that histidine is well conserved in Frd and Sdh from various bacterial and eukaryotic species [PMID: 1375942].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns