Domain

TauD/TfdA-like domain (IPR003819)

Short name: TauD/TfdA-like

Domain relationships

None.

Description

This domain is found in TauD/TfdA taurine catabolism dioxygenases. The Escherichia coli tauD gene is required for the utilisation of taurine (2-aminoethanesulphonic acid) as a sulphur source and is expressed only under conditions of sulphate starvation. TauD is an alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase catalysing the oxygenolytic release of sulphite from taurine [PMID: 9287300]. The 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase from Burkholderia sp. (strain RASC) also belongs to this family [PMID: 8779585]. TfdA from Ralstonia eutropha (Alcaligenes eutrophus) is a 2,4-D monooxygenase [PMID: 3036764].

This domain is also found in gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase (GBBH), the enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of L-carnitine, a key molecule of fatty acid metabolism. The GBBH monomer consists of this catalytic double-stranded beta-helix (DBSH) domain, which is found in all 2-ketoglutarate (2KG) oxygenases, and a smaller N-terminal domain [PMID: 20599753].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam