Conserved Site

Endonuclease III-like, iron-sulphur cluster loop motif (IPR003651)

Short name: Endouclease3_FeS-loop_motif

Description

Endonuclease III (EC:4.2.99.18) is a DNA repair enzyme which removes a number of damaged pyrimidines from DNA via its glycosylase activity and also cleaves the phosphodiester backbone at apurinic / apyrimidinic sites via a beta-elimination mechanism [PMID: 7773744, PMID: 9032058]. The structurally related DNA glycosylase MutY recognises and excises the mutational intermediate 8-oxoguanine-adenine mispair [PMID: 1328155]. The 3-D structures of Escherichia coli endonuclease III [PMID: 1411536] and catalytic domain of MutY [PMID: 9846876] have been determined. The structures contain two all-alpha domains: a sequence-continuous, six-helix domain (residues 22-132) and a Greek-key, four-helix domain formed by one N-terminal and three C-terminal helices (residues 1-21 and 133-211) together with the Fe4S4 cluster. The cluster is bound entirely within the C-terminal loop by four cysteine residues with a ligation pattern Cys-(Xaa)6-Cys-(Xaa)2-Cys-(Xaa)5-Cys which is distinct from all other known Fe4S4 proteins. This structural motif is referred to as a Fe4S4 cluster loop (FCL) [PMID: 7664751]. Two DNA-binding motifs have been proposed, one at either end of the interdomain groove: the helix-hairpin-helix (HhH) and FCL motifs. The primary role of the iron-sulphur cluster appears to involve positioning conserved basic residues for interaction with the DNA phosphate backbone by forming the loop of the FCL motif [PMID: 7664751, PMID: 10900127].

The iron-sulphur cluster loop (FCL) is also found in DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase, a subfamily of endonuclease III. The enzyme has both apurinic and apyrimidinic endonuclease activity and a DNA N-glycosylase activity. It cuts damaged DNA at cytosines, thymines and guanines, and acts on the damaged strand 5' of the damaged site. The enzyme binds a 4Fe-4S cluster which is not important for the catalytic activity, but is probably involved in the alignment of the enzyme along the DNA strand.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0051539 4 iron, 4 sulfur cluster binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
SMART