Short name: ICln
Overlapping homologous superfamilies
- ICln/Lot5 (IPR039924)
- ICln (IPR003521)
ICln, known as methylosome subunit pICln or chloride conductance regulatory protein ICln, owes these different names to its function in multiple regulatory pathways [PMID: 16734741] as different as ion permeation, ribonucleoprotein biosynthesis and cytoskeletal organisation [PMID: 9556550]. ICln can be identified both in the cytosol and in the cellular membrane, where it functions as a chloride current regulator and is important in regulating volume decrease after cellular swelling [PMID: 20573047, PMID: 15760659, PMID: 17138647, PMID: 19471107].
pLCln also functions as a Sm chaperone in the stepwise snRNP assembly process [PMID: 11747828]. snRNPs is a RNA-protein complex esessential to the removal of introns from pre-mRNA [PMID: 19520849, PMID: 10330151]. In humans, the core of snRNPs is composed of seven Sm proteins bound to snRNA. pLCln tethers the hetero-oligomers SmD1/D2 and SmE/F/G into a ring-shaped 6S complex, which subsequently docks onto the SMN complex. The SMN complex then removes pICln and enables the transfer of pre-assembled Sm proteins onto snRNA [PMID: 23333303]. Consistent with the role of human pICln, the orthologue from S. pombe is required for optimal production of the spliceosomal snRNPs and for efficient splicing [PMID: 24298023].
No terms assigned in this category.
- PR01348 (ICLNCHANNEL)