Family

Baculovirus p35, apoptosis preventing protein (IPR003429)

Short name: Baculovirus_p35

Family relationships

None.

Description

The anti-apoptotic protein p35 from baculovirus is thought to prevent the suicidal response of infected insect cells by inhibiting caspases. Ectopic expression of p35 in a number of transgenic animals or cell lines is also anti-apoptotic, giving rise to the hypothesis that the protein is a general inhibitor of caspases.

This protein belongs to MEROPS proteinase inhibitor family I50, clan IQ. Purified recombinant p35 inhibits human caspase-1, -3, -6, -7, -8, and -10 but does not significantly inhibit unrelated serine or cysteine proteases, implying that p35 is a potent caspase-specific inhibitor. The interaction of p35 with caspase-3, as a model of the inhibitory mechanism,revealed classic slow-binding inhibition, with both active-sites of the caspase-3 dimer acting equally and independently. Inhibition resulted from complex formation between the enzyme and inhibitor, which could be visualised under non-denaturing conditions, but was dissociated by SDS to give p35 cleaved at Asp87, the P1 residue of the inhibitor. Complex formation requires the substrate-binding cleft to be unoccupied [PMID: 9692966].

Infecting the insect cell line IPLB-Ld652Y with the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) results in global translation arrest, which correlates with the presence of the AcMNPV apoptotic suppressor, p35. However, the anti-apoptotic function of p35 in translation arrest is not solely due to caspase inactivation, but its activity enhances signalling to a separate translation arrest pathway, possibly by stimulating the late stages of the baculovirus infection cycle [PMID: 14980489].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0043066 negative regulation of apoptotic process

Molecular Function

GO:0043027 cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity involved in apoptotic process

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
SUPERFAMILY
GENE3D