Domain

Nicotinate-nucleotide-dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase-like (IPR003200)

Short name: Nict_dMeBzImd_PRibTrfase-like

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Nicotinate mononucleotide (NaMN):5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole (DMB) phosphoribosyltransferase (CobT) plays a central role in the synthesis of alpha-ribazole-5'-phosphate, an intermediate for the lower ligand of cobalamin [PMID: 8206834]. It is one of the enzymes of the anaerobic pathway of cobalamin biosynthesis, and one of the four proteins (CobU, CobT, CobC, and CobS) involved in the synthesis of the lower ligand and the assembly of the nucleotide loop [PMID: 12101181, PMID: 7592411].

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is used as a cofactor in a number of enzyme-catalysed reactions in bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes [PMID: 8550510]. The biosynthetic pathway to adenosylcobalamin from its five-carbon precursor, 5-aminolaevulinic acid, can be divided into three sections: (1) the biosynthesis of uroporphyrinogen III from 5-aminolaevulinic acid; (2) the conversion of uroporphyrinogen III into the ring-contracted, deacylated intermediate precorrin 6 or cobalt-precorrin 6; and (3) the transformation of this intermediate to form adenosylcobalamin [PMID: 12196148]. Cobalamin is synthesised by bacteria and archaea via two alternative routes that differ primarily in the steps of section 2 that lead to the contraction of the macrocycle and excision of the extruded carbon molecule (and its attached methyl group) [PMID: 11153269]. One pathway (exemplified by Pseudomonas denitrificans) incorporates molecular oxygen into the macrocycle as a prerequisite to ring contraction, and has consequently been termed the aerobic pathway. The alternative, anaerobic, route (exemplified by Salmonella typhimurium) takes advantage of a chelated cobalt ion, in the absence of oxygen, to set the stage for ring contraction [PMID: 12196148].

This entry represents bacterial- and archaeal-type nicotinate-nucleotide-dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase enzymes involved in dimethylbenzimidazole synthesis, as well as a group of proteins of unknown function. This function is essential to de novo cobalamin (vitamin B12) production in bacteria.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0009236 cobalamin biosynthetic process

Molecular Function

GO:0008939 nicotinate-nucleotide-dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
CDD
Pfam