Transcription initiation factor IID, subunit 13 (IPR003195)

Short name: TFIID_TAF13

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Family relationships



This family includes the Spt3 yeast transcription factors and the 18kDa subunit from human transcription initiation factor IID, known as TAF13 or TAFII18. Determination of the crystal structure reveals an atypical histone fold [PMID: 9695952].

TBP-associated factor 13 (TAF13) is one of several TAFs that bind TBP and is involved in forming the transcription factor IID (TFIID) complex. TAF13 interacts with TAF11 and makes a histone-like heterodimer similar to H3/H4-like proteins. The dimer may be structurally and functionally similar to the spt3 protein within the SAGA histone acetyltransferase complex [PMID: 9695952].

TFIID is one of seven General Transcription Factors (GTF) (TFIIA, TFIIB, TFIID, TFIIE, TFIIF, and TFIID) that are involved in accurate initiation of transcription by RNA polymerase II in eukaryotes. TFIID plays an important role in the recognition of promoter DNA and assembly of the pre-initiation complex. TFIID complex is composed of the TBP and at least 13 TAFs. Each TAF, with the help of a specific activator, is required only for expression of subset of genes and is not universally involved for transcription as are GTFs. In yeast and human cells, TAFs have been found as components of other complexes besides TFIID. Several TAFs interact via histone-fold (HFD) motifs; the HFD is the interaction motif involved in heterodimerization of the core histones and their assembly into nucleosome octamers. The minimal HFD contains three alpha-helices linked by two loops and are found in core histones, TAFs and many other transcription factors. TFIID has a histone octamer-like substructure.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006366 transcription by RNA polymerase II

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.