Phospholipase A1 (IPR003187)

Short name: PLipase_A1

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships



Outer membrane phospholipase A (OMPLA) is an integral membrane phospholipase, which is present in many Gram-negative bacteria and has a broad substrate specificity EC: The role of OMPLA has been most thoroughly studied in Escherichia coli, where it participates in the secretion of bacteriocins. Bacteriocin release is triggered by a lysis protein (bacteriocin release protein or BRP), followed by a phospholipase dependent accumulation of lysophospholipids and free fatty acids in the outer membrane [PMID: 10322034, PMID: 12615538]. The reaction products enhance the permeability of the outer membrane, which allows the semispecific secretion of bacteriocins. One speculative function of OMPLA is related to organic solvent tolerance in bacteria.

Structurally, it consists of a 12-stranded antiparallel beta-barrel with a convex and a flat side. The active site residues are exposed on the exterior of the flat face of the beta-barrel. The activity of the enzyme is regulated by reversible dimerisation. Dimer interactions occur exclusively in the membrane-embedded parts of the flat side of the beta-barrel, with polar residues embedded in an apolar environment forming the key interactions. The active site His and Ser residues are located at the exterior of the beta-barrel, at the outer leaflet side of the membrane. This location indicates that under normal conditions the substrate and the active site are physically separated, since in E. coli phospholipids are exclusively located in the inner leaflet of the outer membrane [PMID: 11080680].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process

Molecular Function

GO:0004620 phospholipase activity

Cellular Component

GO:0016020 membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.