Family

Methyl-coenzyme M reductase, gamma subunit (IPR003178)

Short name: Me_CoM_Rdtase_gsu

Family relationships

None.

Description

Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR) catalyses the reduction of methyl-coenzyme M (CH3-SCoM) and coenzyme B (HS-CoB) to methane and the corresponding heterosulphide CoM-S-S-CoB (EC:2.8.4.1), the final step in methane biosynthesis. This reaction proceeds under anaerobic conditions by methanogenic Archaea [PMID: 16260307], and requires a nickel-porphinoid prosthetic group, coenzyme F430, which is in the EPR-detectable Ni(I) oxidation state in the active enzyme. Studies on a catalytically inactive enzyme aerobically co-crystallized with coenzyme M displayed a fully occupied coenzyme M-binding site with no alternate conformations. The binding of coenzyme M appears to induce specific conformational changes that suggests a molecular mechanism by which the enzyme ensures that methyl-coenzyme M enters the substrate channel prior to coenzyme B, as required by the active-site geometry [PMID: 11491299].

MCR is a hexamer composed of 2 alpha, 2 beta, and 2 gamma subunits with two identical nickel porphinoid active sites, which form two long active site channels with F430 embedded at the bottom [PMID: 9367957, PMID: 16234924].

This entry represents the gamma subunit, which has a complex alpha-helical/beta-sheet topology.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0015948 methanogenesis

Molecular Function

GO:0050524 coenzyme-B sulfoethylthiotransferase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
TIGRFAMs
Pfam
GENE3D
ProDom
PIRSF