Repeat

Hs1/Cortactin (IPR003134)

Short name: Hs1_Cortactin

Description

The cortactin or HS1 repeat is a tandem repeat of 37-amino acid actin-binding domains. The repeat is named after human cortactin and HS1, proteins involved in cytoskeletal rearrangements implicated in cell migration and apoptosis, respectively. Cortactin contains 6.5 tandem copies of the repeat and is conserved among metazoans, although e.g. insect cortactin and splice variants contain fewer copies. Hematopoietic lineage cell specific protein 1 (HS1) contains 3.5 tandem copies of the cortactin repeat and is mainly expressed in hematopoietic cells. Both cortactin and HS1 contain a C-terminal SH3 domain (IPR001452). The cortactin repeat domain binds filamentous actin (F-actin) in proteins that modulate the assembly of the actin cytoskeleton. Secondary structure predictions indicate that the cortactin repeat could exhibit a helix-turn-helix structure [PMID: 12534372, PMID: 15186216].

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
PROSITE profiles