Histone deacetylase (IPR003084)

Short name: His_deacetylse_1

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships


Regulation of transcription is, in part, modulated by reversible histone acetylation on several lysine. Histone deacetylases (HDA) catalyse the removal of the acetyl group. Histone deacetylases, acetoin utilization proteins and acetylpolyamine amidohydrolases are all members of this ancient protein superfamily [PMID: 9278492].

HDAs function in multi-subunit complexes, reversing the acetylation of histones by histone acetyltransferases [PMID: 10322454, PMID: 10072350], and are also believed to deacetylate general transcription factors such as TFIIF and sequence-specific transcription factors such as p53 [PMID: 10322454]. Thus, HDAs contribute to the regulation of transcription, in particular transcriptional repression [PMID: 10072350]. At N-terminal tails of histones, removal of the acetyl group from the epsilon-amino group of a lysine side chain will restore its positivecharge, which may stabilise the histone-DNA interaction and prevent activating transcription factors binding to promoter elements [PMID: 9278492]. HDAs play important roles in the cell cycle and differentiation, and their deregulation can contribute to the development of cancer [PMID: 10072350, PMID: 10322142].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0016575 histone deacetylation

Molecular Function

GO:0004407 histone deacetylase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.