Conserved Site

Uroporphiryn-III C-methyltransferase, conserved site (IPR003043)

Short name: Uropor_MeTrfase_CS

Description

Uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase (EC:2.1.1.107)(SUMT) [PMID: 1856165, PMID: 1906874] catalyzes the transfer of two methyl groups from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to the C-2 and C-7 atoms of uroporphyrinogen III to yield precorrin-2 via the intermediate formation of precorrin-1. SUMT is the first enzyme specific to the cobalamin pathway and precorrin-2 is a common intermediate in the biosynthesis of corrinoids such as vitamin B12, siroheme and coenzyme F430.

The sequences of SUMT from a variety of eubacterial and archaebacterial species are currently available. In species such as Bacillus megaterium (gene cobA), Pseudomonas denitrificans (cobA) or Methanobacterium ivanovii (gene corA) SUMT is a protein of about 25 to 30 Kd. In Escherichia coli and related bacteria, the cysG protein, which is involved in the biosynthesis of siroheme, is a multifunctional protein composed of a N-terminal domain, probably involved in transforming precorrin-2 into siroheme, and a C-terminal domain which has SUMT activity.

The sequence of SUMT is related to that of a number of P. denitrificans and Salmonella typhimurium enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of cobalamin which also seem to be SAM-dependent methyltransferases [PMID: 2211521, PMID: 8501034]. The similarity is especially strong with two of these enzymes: cobI/cbiL which encodes S- adenosyl-L-methionine--precorrin-2 methyltransferase and cobM/cbiF whose exact function is not known.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0008168 methyltransferase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns
PROSITE patterns