Domain

Amine oxidase (IPR002937)

Short name: Amino_oxidase

Domain relationships

None.

Description

This entry consists of various amine oxidases, including maize polyamine oxidase (PAO) [PMID: 9598979], L-amino acid oxidases (LAO) and various flavin containing monoamine oxidases (MAO). The aligned region includes the flavin binding site of these enzymes. In vertebrates MAO plays an important role in regulating the intracellular levels of amines via their oxidation; these include various neurotransmitters, neurotoxins and trace amines [PMID: 9162023]. In lower eukaryotes such as aspergillus and in bacteria the main role of amine oxidases is to provide a source of ammonium [PMID: 7770050]. PAOs in plants, bacteria and protozoa oxidise spermidine and spermine to an aminobutyral, diaminopropane and hydrogen peroxide and are involved in the catabolism of polyamines [PMID: 9598979]. Other members of this family include tryptophan 2-monooxygenase, putrescine oxidase, corticosteroid binding proteins and antibacterial glycoproteins.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0016491 oxidoreductase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam