Family

DeoC/FbaB/ lacD aldolase (IPR002915)

Short name: DeoC/FbaB/lacD_aldolase

Family relationships

Description

This entry represents diverse aldolases, such as deoxyribose-phosphate aldolase, tagatose 1,6-diphosphate aldolase, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase class 1, 2-amino-3,7-dideoxy-D-threo-hept-6-ulosonate synthase, 2-amino-4,5-dihydroxy-6-one-heptanoic acid-7-phosphate synthase, phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase, and 6-deoxy-5-ketofructose 1-phosphate synthase, etc.

Aldolases play important roles in essential metabolic pathways, such as gluconeogenesis and glycolysis. They are classified with respect to their catalytic mechanism into two classes: class I adolases are are characterised by formation of covalent Schiff base intermediates, while class II aldolases are metallodependent enzymes and use a divalent transition metal ion to polarize the substrate ketose [PMID: 16843441, PMID: 13950007, PMID: 5972827, PMID: 5793710, PMID: 5816380].

Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) aldolase (EC 4.1.2.13) catalyzes the reversible aldol condensation of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP) and dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) yielding FBP. Two distinct classes of FBP aldolases occur in nature,Class I FBP aldolases form a Schiff-base intermediate between the carbonyl substrate (FBP and DHAP), whereas Class II FBP aldolases depend on divalent metal ions to stabilise the carbanion intermediate [PMID: 11387336, PMID: 15766250].

Tagatose 1,6-diphosphate aldolase is a class I aldolase. It catalyses the reversible cleavage of four diastereoisomers (fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (FBP), psicose 1,6-bisphosphate, sorbose 1,6-bisphosphate, and tagatose 1,6-bisphosphate) to dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and d-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate with high catalytic efficiency [PMID: 20427286].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0016829 lyase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SMART
PIRSF
Pfam