Peptide methionine sulphoxide reductase MrsB (IPR002579)

Short name: Met_Sox_Rdtase_MsrB

Domain relationships



Peptide methionine sulphoxide reductase (Msr) reverses the inactivation of many proteins due to the oxidation of critical methionine residues by reducing methionine sulphoxide, Met(O), to methionine [PMID: 10841552]. It is present in most living organisms, and the cognate structural gene belongs to the so-called minimum gene set [PMID: 8994848, PMID: 8816789].

The domains: MsrA and MsrB, reduce different epimeric forms of methionine sulphoxide. This group represents MsrB, the crystal structure of which has been determined to 1.8A [PMID: 11938352]. The overall structure shows no resemblance to the structures of MsrA (IPR002569) from other organisms; though the active sites show approximate mirror symmetry. In each case, conserved amino acid motifs mediate the stereo-specific recognition and reduction of the substrate. Unlike the MsrA domain, the MsrB domain activates the cysteine or selenocysteine nucleophile through a unique Cys-Arg-Asp/Glu catalytic triad. The collapse of the reaction intermediate most likely results in the formation of a sulphenic or selenenic acid moiety. Regeneration of the active site occurs through a series of thiol-disulphide exchange steps involving another active site Cys residue and thioredoxin.

In a number of pathogenic bacteria, including Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the MsrA and MsrB domains are fused; the MsrA being N-terminal to MsrB. This arrangement is reversed in Treponema pallidum. In N. gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis, a thioredoxin domain is fused to the N terminus. This may function to reduce the active sites of the downstream MsrA and MsrB domains.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

GO:0033743 peptide-methionine (R)-S-oxide reductase activity

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles