Domain

5'-3' exonuclease, N-terminal (IPR002421)

Short name: 5-3_exonuclease_N

Domain relationships

None.

Description

The N-terminal and internal 5'3'-exonuclease domains are commonly found together, and are most often associated with 5' to 3' nuclease activities. The XPG protein signatures (PDOC00658) are never found outside the '53EXO' domains. The latter are found in more diverse proteins [PMID: 7926735, PMID: 10322433, PMID: 8464724]. The number of amino acids that separate the two 53EXO domains, and the presence of accompanying motifs allow the diagnosis of several protein families.

In the eubacterial type A DNA-polymerases, the N-terminal and internal domains are separated by a few amino acids, usually four. The pattern DNA_POLYMERASE_A (IPR001098) is always present towards the C terminus. Several eukaryotic structure-dependent endonucleases and exonucleases have the 53EXO domains separated by 24 to 27 amino acids, and the XPG protein signatures are always present. In several proteins from herpesviridae, the two 53EXO domains are separated by 50 to 120 amino acids. These proteins are implicated in the inhibition of the expression of the host genes. Eukaryotic DNA repair proteins with 600 to 700 amino acids between the 53_EXO domains all carry the XPG protein signatures.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0003677 DNA binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
SMART