Short name: UDP_glucos_trans
Overlapping homologous superfamilies
UDP glycosyltransferases (UGT) are a superfamily of enzymes that catalyzes the addition of the glycosyl group from a UTP-sugar to a small hydrophobic molecule. This family currently consist of:
- Mammalian UDP-glucuronosyl transferases (EC:18.104.22.168) (UDPGT) [PMID: 1909870]. A large family of membrane-bound microsomal enzymes which catalyze the transfer of glucuronic acid to a wide variety of exogenous and endogenous lipophilic substrates. These enzymes are of major importance in the detoxification and subsequent elimination of xenobiotics such as drugs and carcinogens.
- A large number of putative UDPGT from Caenorhabditis elegans.
- Mammalian 2-hydroxyacylsphingosine 1-beta-galactosyltransferase [PMID: 7694285] (EC:22.214.171.124) (also known as UDP-galactose-ceramide galactosyltransferase). This enzyme catalyzes the transfer of galactose to ceramide, a key enzymatic step in the biosynthesis of galactocerebrosides, which are abundant sphingolipids of the myelin membrane of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.
- Plants flavonol O(3)-glucosyltransferase (EC:126.96.36.199). An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of glucose from UDP-glucose to a flavanol. This reaction is essential and one of the last steps in anthocyanin pigment biosynthesis.
- Baculoviruses ecdysteroid UDP-glucosyltransferase (EC:2.4.1) [PMID: 2505387] (egt). This enzyme catalyzes the transfer of glucose from UDP-glucose to ectysteroids which are insect molting hormones. The expression of egt in the insect host interferes with the normal insect development by blocking the molting process.
- Prokaryotic zeaxanthin glucosyltransferase (EC:2.4.1) (gene crtX), an enzyme involved in carotenoid biosynthesis and that catalyses the glycosylation reaction which converts zeaxanthin to zeaxanthin-beta-diglucoside.
- Streptomyces macrolide glycosyltransferases (EC:2.4.1) [PMID: 8244027]. These enzymes specifically inactivates macrolide anitibiotics via 2'-O-glycosylation using UDP-glucose.
- PF00201 (UDPGT)