Sec-independent periplasmic protein translocase TatC (IPR002033)

Short name: TatC

Overlapping homologous superfamilies


Family relationships


Proteins encoded by the mttABC operon (formerly yigTUW), mediate a novel Sec-independent membrane targeting and translocation system in Escherichia coli that interacts with cofactor-containing redox proteins having a S/TRRXFLK "twin arginine" leader motif. This family contains the E. coli mttB gene (TATC) [PMID: 9546395].

A functional Tat system or Delta pH-dependent pathway requires three integral membrane proteins: TatA/Tha4, TatB/Hcf106 and TatC/cpTatC. The TatC protein is essential for the function of both pathways. It might be involved in twin-arginine signal peptide recognition, protein translocation and proton translocation. Sequence analysis predicts that TatC contains six transmembrane helices (TMHs), and experimental data confirmed that N and C termini of TatC or cpTatC are exposed to the cytoplasmic or stromal face of the membrane. The cytoplasmic N terminus and the first cytoplasmic loop region of the E. coli TatC protein are essential for protein export. At least two TatC molecules co-exist within each Tat translocon [PMID: 9649434, PMID: 12163163].

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0016021 integral component of membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.