Domain

Fork head domain (IPR001766)

Short name: Fork_head_dom

Domain relationships

Description

The fork head domain is a conserved DNA-binding domain (also known as a "winged helix") of about 100 amino-acid residues.

Drosophila melanogaster fork head protein is a transcription factor that promotes terminal rather than segmental development, contains neither homeodomains nor zinc-fingers characteristic of other transcription factors [PMID: 2566386]. Instead, it contains a distinct type of DNA-binding region, containing around 100 amino acids, which has since been identified in a number of transcription factors (including D. melanogaster FD1-5, mammalian HNF-3, human HTLF, Saccharomyces cerevisiae HCM1, etc.). This is referred to as the fork head domain but is also known as a 'winged helix' [PMID: 2566386, PMID: 8332212, PMID: 1356269].

The fork head domain binds B-DNA as a monomer [PMID: 8332212], but shows no similarity to previously identified DNA-binding motifs. Although the domain is found in several different transcription factors, a common function is their involvement in early developmental decisions of cell fates during embryogenesis [PMID: 1356269].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated

Molecular Function

GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding
GO:0003700 transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
Pfam
PROSITE profiles
PRINTS
SMART