Family

Glycoside hydrolase, family 7 (IPR001722)

Short name: Glyco_hydro_7

Family relationships

None.

Description

O-Glycosyl hydrolases (EC:3.2.1.) are a widespread group of enzymes that hydrolyse the glycosidic bond between two or more carbohydrates, or between a carbohydrate and a non-carbohydrate moiety. A classification system for glycosyl hydrolases, based on sequence similarity, has led to the definition of 85 different families [PMID: 7624375, PMID: 8535779]. This classification is available on the CAZy (CArbohydrate-Active EnZymes) web site.

Glycoside hydrolase family 7 GH7 comprises enzymes with several known activities; endoglucanase (EC:3.2.1.4); cellobiohydrolase (EC:3.2.1.91). These enzymes were formerly known as cellulase family C.

Exoglucanases and cellobiohydrolases [PMID: 1886523] play a role in the conversion of cellulose to glucose by cutting the dissaccharide cellobiose from the nonreducing end of the cellulose polymer chain. Structurally, cellulases and xylanases generally consist of a catalytic domain joined to a cellulose-binding domain (CBD) via a linker region that is rich in proline and/or hydroxy-amino acids. In type I exoglucanases, the CBD domain is found at the C-terminal extremity of these enzyme (this short domain forms a hairpin loop structure stabilised by 2 disulphide bridges).

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process

Molecular Function

GO:0004553 hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PRINTS
GENE3D
Pfam