Family

NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, subunit 1/F420H2 oxidoreductase subunit H (IPR001694)

Short name: NADH_UbQ_OxRdtase_su1/FPO

Family relationships

None.

Description

NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) (EC:1.6.5.3) is a respiratory-chain enzyme that catalyses the transfer of two electrons from NADH to ubiquinone in a reaction that is associated with proton translocation across the membrane (NADH + ubiquinone = NAD+ + ubiquinol) [PMID: 1470679]. Complex I is a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are predominantly formed by electron transfer from FMNH(2). Complex I is found in bacteria, cyanobacteria (as a NADH-plastoquinone oxidoreductase), archaea [PMID: 10940377], mitochondria, and in the hydrogenosome, a mitochondria-derived organelle. In general, the bacterial complex consists of 14 different subunits, while the mitochondrial complex contains homologues to these subunits in addition to approximately 31 additional proteins [PMID: 18394423].

This entry represents subunit 1 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase [, PMID: 2029890]. Among the many polypeptide subunits that make up complex I, there are fifteen which are located in the membrane part, seven of which are encoded by the mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes of most species. The most conserved of these organelle-encoded subunits is known as subunit 1 (gene ND1 in mitochondrion, and NDH1 in chloroplast) and seems to contain the ubiquinone binding site.

The ND1 subunit is highly similar to subunit 4 of Escherichia coli formate hydrogenlyase (gene hycD), subunit C of hydrogenase-4 (gene hyfC). Paracoccus denitrificans NQO8 and Escherichia coli nuoH NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunits also belong to this family [PMID: 7690854].

This entry also includes the archaeal F420H2 oxidoreductase subunit H (FPO). FPO shuttles electrons from F420H2, via FAD and iron-sulphur (Fe-S) centres, to quinones in the F420H2:heterodisulphide oxidoreduction chain. The immediate electron acceptor for the enzyme in this species is believed to be methanophenazine. Couples the redox reaction to proton translocation (for every two electrons transferred, 0.9 hydrogen ions are translocated across the cytoplasmic membrane), and thus conserves the redox energy in a proton gradient.

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0055114 oxidation-reduction process

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

GO:0016020 membrane

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PANTHER
Pfam
HAMAP