Domain

Zinc finger, DHHC-type, palmitoyltransferase (IPR001594)

Short name: Znf_DHHC_palmitoyltrfase

Domain relationships

None.

Description

Zinc finger (Znf) domains are relatively small protein motifs which contain multiple finger-like protrusions that make tandem contacts with their target molecule. Some of these domains bind zinc, but many do not; instead binding other metals such as iron, or no metal at all. For example, some family members form salt bridges to stabilise the finger-like folds. They were first identified as a DNA-binding motif in transcription factor TFIIIA from Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog), however they are now recognised to bind DNA, RNA, protein and/or lipid substrates [PMID: 10529348, PMID: 15963892, PMID: 15718139, PMID: 17210253, PMID: 12665246]. Their binding properties depend on the amino acid sequence of the finger domains and of the linker between fingers, as well as on the higher-order structures and the number of fingers. Znf domains are often found in clusters, where fingers can have different binding specificities. There are many superfamilies of Znf motifs, varying in both sequence and structure. They display considerable versatility in binding modes, even between members of the same class (e.g. some bind DNA, others protein), suggesting that Znf motifs are stable scaffolds that have evolved specialised functions. For example, Znf-containing proteins function in gene transcription, translation, mRNA trafficking, cytoskeleton organisation, epithelial development, cell adhesion, protein folding, chromatin remodelling and zinc sensing, to name but a few [PMID: 11179890]. Zinc-binding motifs are stable structures, and they rarely undergo conformational changes upon binding their target.

This entry represents the DHHC-type zinc finger domain, which is also known as NEW1 [PMID: 10231582]. The DHHC Zn-finger was first isolated in the Drosophila putative transcription factor DNZ1 and was named after a conserved sequence motif [PMID: 10231582]. This domain has palmitoyltransferase activity; this post-translational modification attaches the C16 saturated fatty acid palmitate via a thioester linkage, predominantly to cysteine residues [PMID: 17051234]. This domain is found in the DHHC proteins which are palmitoyl transferases [PMID: 15603741]; the DHHC motif is found within a cysteine-rich domain which is thought to contain the catalytic site.

GO terms

Biological Process

No terms assigned in this category.

Molecular Function

GO:0008270 zinc ion binding

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE profiles
Pfam