Domain

Peptidase C12, ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase (IPR001578)

Short name: Peptidase_C12_UCH

Domain relationships

None.

Description

This group of cysteine peptidases belong to the MEROPS peptidase family C12 (ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase family, clan CA). Families within the CA clan are loosely termed papain-like as protein fold of the peptidase unit resembles that of papain, the type example for clan CA. The type example is the human ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase UCH-L1.

Ubiquitin is highly conserved, commonly found conjugated to proteins in eukaryotic cells, where it may act as a marker for rapid degradation, or it may have a chaperone function in protein assembly [PMID: 7845226]. The ubiquitin is released by cleavage from the bound protein by a protease [PMID: 7845226]. A number of deubiquitinising proteases are known: all are activated by thiol compounds [PMID: 7845226, PMID: 3015923], and inhibited by thiol-blocking agents and ubiquitin aldehyde [PMID: 7845226, PMID: 3031653], and as such have the properties of cysteine proteases [PMID: 7845226].

The deubiquitinsing proteases can be split into 2 size ranges (20-30 kDa and 100-200 kDa, IPR001394) [PMID: 7845226]: this group are the 20-30 kDa peptides which includes the yeast yuh1. Yeast yuh1 protease is known to be active only against small ubiquitin conjugates, being inactive against conjugated beta-galactosidase [PMID: 7845226]. A mammalian homologue, UCH (ubiquitin conjugate hydrolase), is one of the most abundant proteins in the brain [PMID: 7845226]. Only one conserved cysteine can be identified, along with two conserved histidines. The spacing between the cysteine and the second histidine is thought to be more representative of the cysteine/histidine spacing of a cysteine protease catalytic dyad [PMID: 7845226].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0006511 ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process

Molecular Function

GO:0004843 ubiquitin-specific protease activity

Cellular Component

GO:0005622 intracellular

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
GENE3D
Pfam
PROSITE patterns
PANTHER
PRINTS