Nucleoside diphosphate kinase (IPR001564)
Short name: Nucleoside_diP_kinase
Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (EC:184.108.40.206) (NDK) are enzymes required for the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates (NTP) other than ATP. They provide NTPs for nucleic acid synthesis, CTP for lipid synthesis, UTP for polysaccharide synthesis and GTP for protein elongation, signal transduction and microtubule polymerisation.
In eukaryotes, there seems to be a small family of NDK isozymes each of which acts in a different subcellular compartment and/or has a distinct biological function. Eukaryotic NDK isozymes are hexamers of two highly related chains (A and B) [PMID: 1851158]. By random association (A6, A5B...AB5, B6), these two kinds of chain form isoenzymes differing in their isoelectric point.
NDK are proteins of 17 Kd that act via a ping-pong mechanism in which a histidine residue is phosphorylated, by transfer of the terminal phosphate group from ATP. In the presence of magnesium, the phosphoenzyme can transfer its phosphate group to any NDP, to produce an NTP.
NDK isozymes have been sequenced from prokaryotic and eukaryotic sources. It has also been shown [PMID: 2175255] that the Drosophila awd (abnormal wing discs) protein, is a microtubule-associated NDK. Mammalian NDK is also known as metastasis inhibition factor nm23. The sequence of NDK has been highly conserved through evolution. There is a single histidine residue conserved in all known NDK isozymes, which is involved in the catalytic mechanism [PMID: 1851158]. Our signature pattern contains this residue.
GO:0004550 nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
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