Conserved Site

Fatty acid desaturase type 1, conserved site (IPR001522)

Short name: FADS-1_CS


Fatty acid desaturases are enzymes that catalyse the insertion of a double bond at the delta position of fatty acids. There seem to be two distinct families of fatty acid desaturases which do not seem to be evolutionary related.

Family 1 is composed of:

Family 2 is composed of:

  • Bacterial fatty acid desaturases.
  • Plant stearoyl-acyl-carrier-protein desaturase (EC: [PMID: 2006187], this enzyme catalyzes the introduction of a double bond at the delta(9) position of steraoyl-ACP to produce oleoyl-ACP. This enzyme is responsible for the conversion of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids in the synthesis of vegetable oils.
  • Cyanobacterial DesA [PMID: 2118597], an enzyme that can introduce a second cis double bond at the delta(12) position of fatty acid bound to membranes glycerolipids. DesA is involved in chilling tolerance; the phase transition temperature of lipids of cellular membranes being dependent on the degree of unsaturation of fatty acids of the membrane lipids.

This conserved region is found in the C-terminal part of family 1 enzymes; this region is rich in histidine residues and in aromatic residues.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PROSITE patterns