Family

Egg lysin (Sperm-lysin) (IPR001379)

Short name: Egg_lysin

Overlapping homologous superfamilies

Family relationships

None.

Description

Fertilization proteins are acrosomal proteins involved in various roles during the fertilization process. Structurally these proteins consist of a closed bundle of helices with a right-hand twist. Lysin and SP18, both characterised in abalone, are two evolutionarily related fertilization proteins that have distinctive roles. Following its release from sperm, lysin binds to the egg vitelline envelope (VE) via the VE receptor for lysin (VERL), then non-enzymatically dissolves the VE to create a hole, thereby allowing the sperm to pass through the envelope and fuse with the egg [PMID: 10666624]. Lysins exhibit species-specific binding to their egg receptor, possibly through differences in charged surface residues [PMID: 10698629]. SP18 is also released from sperm, acting as a potent fusagen of liposomes to mediate the fusion between the sperm and egg cell membranes. Despite a similarity in the overall fold, the variation in the surface features of SP18 and lysin account for their different roles in fertilization [PMID: 11331004].

GO terms

Biological Process

GO:0007338 single fertilization

Molecular Function

No terms assigned in this category.

Cellular Component

No terms assigned in this category.

Contributing signatures

Signatures from InterPro member databases are used to construct an entry.
PRINTS
Pfam
ProDom
CDD